was flat from North and Northwest Africa up to 2003 but has risen since,
before dipping briefly in 2009 due to OPEC restriction. Overall output
is expected to recover but then remain flat for the next decade, but
dropping off towards the end of this period.
Gas production will increase primarily from offshore Egypt and Libya and
from onshore Algeria and Libya.
Growing gas production is leading to mounting consumption
in countries all across North Africa. However growth in oil consumption
has almost ceased with declines expected within a decade.
Exports of gas, largely to Europe, are rising. Oil exports, although
substantial, will peak in around 2013/2014 before falling due to supply