Oil production in the Netherlands is in long term
decline, albeit with brief surges as new methods to enhance recovery are
installed. Onshore oil, most produced near the border with Germany,
peaked in the mid-1960s and is due to jump again in 2010 with
redevelopment of the Schoonebeck field. Offshore production from the
North Sea peaked in 1986 with output jumping in 2002 and 2006 as the F2a
field and de Ruyter fileds were developed respectively. However
continued decline is forecast.
Gas from the Southern gas basin, both onshore and offshore, is very
important in the Netherlands. However here too output is unable to grow
as the giant onshore Groningen field nears the end of its life.
consumption increased from 1996 to 2005, as did imports, but consumption
is now flat or falling and will probably remain on a bumpy plateau.
After a dip that began in 2004 gas consumption is expected to increase
slowly whilst exports diminish as production declines. It is likely that
the Netherlands will need to begin importing gas to meet its needs by